Who benefits from trade?

This publication reveals how trade and global value chains influence working conditions in Asia. It is based on research in the garment, footwear and electronics industries in four different countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Pakistan, and Vietnam.

The changing nature of international trade, dominated by global value chains, has led to downward pressure on working conditions. Fundamental rights at work, such as the right to organise and bargain collectively, are not upheld. Child labour exists in many supply chains, and minimum wages, when paid, are not sufficient to ensure decent living standards. Forced overtime and lack of safety measures are also common.

This publication wishes to draw attention to the imbalances in international trade and the asymmetric power relationship in global value chains, and to initiate a discussion on how to tackle these challenges. It is one of the outputs of the regional project Core Labour Standards Plus (CLS+), which was launched by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Asia in 2016.

Who benefits from trade?

Findings on the link between trade and labour standards in the garment, footwear and electronics industries in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Pakistan, and Vietnam
Singapore, 2017

Download publication (1,1 MB PDF-File)

FES in Asia

This website gives you regular updates of FES regional projects and activities across our Asia country offices.

It offers news articles on current debates and a range of research publications and policy briefs to download.  

News

  • 22.05.2020 | Gender and social justice | News

    Out now: Women and the Future of the Digital Economy in Asia

    A new FES study investigates how women in Asia are affected by digitalization and automation and explores feminist perspectives on the digital economy...

    more information

  • 04.05.2020 | Gender and social justice | News

    New FES study: Women and the Future of Care Work in Asia

    Around the world, women conduct the majority of (un)paid care work. In Asia, the care sector is particularly large. A new FES study investigates what...

    more information

  • 08.04.2020 | Cooperation for Peace and Security | News

    Indonesia’s Global Maritime Fulcrum & China’s Belt Road Initiative: A match made at sea?

    China has become Indonesia’s largest trading partner and its third largest foreign investor. Indonesia’s Global Maritime Fulcrum and China’s Belt Road...

    more information

back to top