Faisal Basri, Gatot Arya Putra

Escaping the middle income trap in Indonesia: an analysis of risks, remedies and national characteristics

Since the early 1990s Indonesia has been a lower-middle income country that gained international recognition as an attractive emerging market for investment and trade.

However, in recent years Indonesia´s economic performance remained below those of East Asia’s most dynamic neighboring economies. Today, economists are concerned that Indonesia runs the risk of a middle-income trap. Economic inequality, structural deficits in the field of infrastructure, education as well as investment in advanced industrialization are among the main risk factors.

Basri, Faisal; Putra, Gatot Arya

Escaping the middle income trap in Indonesia

an analysis of risks, remedies and national characteristics
Jakarta, 2016

Download publication (1,8 MB PDF-File)

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Office for Regional Cooperation in Asia

7500A Beach Road
#12-320/321/322
The Plaza
Singapore 199591

+65 6297 6760
info(at)fes.asia

Contact

News

  • 12.10.2017 | Trade, labour and social dialogue | News

    Going the distance: Making trade benefit workers

    Geneva (Switzerland) – Global trade has triggered challenges for workers’ rights and how to address them was the focus of a session by...

    more information

  • 12.10.2017 | Climate change | News

    "A socially just energy transition involves everybody"

    Hanoi (Vietnam) – Renewable energy is likely to become increasingly important to the economies of Asia as they address energy security and...

    more information

  • 10.10.2017 | Gender and social justice | News

    Female trade unionists, ready to take over leadership positions

    Singapore – Young women rarely hold leadership positions in trade unions, a reality akin to workers organizing across Asia and bound to change with a...

    more information

back to top